|Försök med automatisk separering av referenser i en flerspråkig databas - Inger Bierschenk|
New types of information- and documentation systems are developed in most countries of the world. Several types of information have been available, but in spite of highly advanced techniques, no programs are yet handling multi-lingual information. This report presents a program, which separates titles of research documents automatically. The search program is based on the matching of specific cues in six languages, which coincide with patterns in the titles...
Keywords: computational linguistics; computerbased lexicology; scientific information; language separation; multilingual database
|Forskningsplanering ur mikroekologiskt perspektiv - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report contains a summary of an interview study. The investigation has been carried out with the aim to explore the initial phase of the research process. According to a model, based on a theory of general systems, results are presented concerning the perception, structuring and definition of educational and psychological research problems. The results are summarised in accordance to the resources and constraints, which steer research planning.
Keywords: research policy; system analysis; interview data; empirical research
|Datorprogram till ANACONDA - en teknik för textanalys - Leif Robertsson|
This report presents a comprehensive description of the computing methods used for testing ANACONDA (Analysis of Concepts by Data processing). Of special importance is the program developed for identification of words in the text with words in the dictionary. In the form of an appendix some background information to the ANACONDA method is given.
Keywords: computer language; program development; word identification; matching procedure
|Lärarbeteenden och elevreaktioner: Beskrivning och utprövning av två i beteendevetenskapliga teorier förankrade simulatorer - Gunlög Frost|
This report presents two simulators anchored to behavioural theories and based on the interaction between teacher behaviours and video-recorded pupil reactions. The purpose is to see whether student teachers use strategies when choosing a course of action and whether they then follow these strategies flexibly or in a stereotyped way. In order to check the way in which student teachers work with the simulators, the student teachers and the simulators were recorded simultaneously and this video...
Keywords: self-confrontation; interactive behaviour; simulation; behaviour theory; real-time imaging; CCTV/VR
|Forskningsdata för SÖK-projektet 1972-77: Ett arkivdokument - Inger Bierschenk|
With growing amounts of research data it becomes increasingly difficult to handle and maintain them and also get an overview over their structure. When a research project has been going for some years, various types of materials have been collected and stored in various ways and at different places. The purpose of this document is to describe how the body of records of a research project at a Swedish research department during the years 1972-1977 has been organized for the archives...
Keywords: data filing; information storage; information retrieval; documentation
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Resultat, implikationer och rekommendationer - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report contains a summarised description of the experimental design, results and implications of separately published analyses. The aim of the investigation has been to study the effects of traditional tutoring and self-confrontation via closed circuit television and video-recording on student teachers' self-assessment. In addition, the report contains recommendations for further research and for further analyses of data already collected.
Keywords: teacher training; micro-lessons; CCTV; videotape; experiment
|Television som tekniskt hjälpmedel i utbildning och pedagogisk-psykologisk forskning: En bibliografisk redovisning, 1971-1974 - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report is a fifth bibliographic account of literature concerning television as a technical aid in education and in educational and psychological research and contains materials published during the period 1971 to 1974. The references are classified according to 8 main categories, each having 4 subdivisions. The bibliography contains references, which are a result of computer search in the files of ERIC, ISI and SSCI...
Keywords: microteaching; television; computer search; technical aids
|Innehållsanalys som forskningsmetod - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Practicable methods for a thorough, reliable and valid analysis of content are fundamental for the behavioural scientist who is working with sets of verbal data. This report presents principles and methodological suggestions of data collections and data analyses. Problems of reliability and validity are discussed in connection with given examples. Methods and techniques for computer-based content analyses are also introduced...
Keywords: concept; formation; psycho-linguistics; scaling; description; statistics; regression; verbal data
|Television som tekniskt hjälpmedel i utbildning och pedagogisk-psykologisk forskning: En bibliografisk redovisning och utvärdering av manuell och datorbaserad litteratursökning - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to queries. This report contains an analysis and discussion of the applied strategy for manual and computer-based search for literature on the subject: uses of closed circuit television in the behavioural sciences. The results of the manual search have been published 1969 in the series Didakometry, No. 24, but the result of the computer-based search is presented in this report.
Keywords: literature search; bibliometrics; search profiles; frequency distributions; computer-based search; manual search; CCTV; videorecording
|Simulering av interpersonella relationer i lärarutbildningen: En vidareutveckling av SIR - Gunlög Frost|
The report describes the development of an interactive behaviour simulator, anchored in theories of behavioural science. It is based on an interaction between teacher behaviours and video-recorded pupil reactions. After presentation of a number of investigations concerning simulation in teacher training, a short description is given of the development of a simulator (SIR). This version has been tested on a small number of student teachers...
Keywords: self-confronation; interactive behaviour; simulation; behaviour theories; real-time imaging
|Ett experiment med återgivning av information i titlar: Materialbeskrivning - Inger Bierschenk|
This document is a working paper aimed at discussing the prerequisites for an experiment in larger scale on information in scientific titles. It contains hypotheses regarding researchersâ structuring of their titles and proposes a model for recognition of structured information based on the Problem-Method-Goal paradigm, whose cue pointers are prepositions. On this basis, criteria for selecting titles for the experiment are proposed together with a presentation of the primary linguistic patterns...
Keywords: computational linguistics; algorithmic coding; pattern generation; intermediate language; empirical database
|Att söka information via Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Social Sciences Citation Index is a new information system. It differs in several aspects from traditional bibliographic aids used by researchers in the social sciences. This compendium contains a presentation of SSCI and a description of some search problems in order to show how SSCI should be used in a systematic search for scientific information.
Keywords: information; documentation; social science; computerbased; research
|Vetenskaplig information och dokumentation: Ett lokalt system i utveckling - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
Within many areas and at various levels people are discussing the problem of information and information overflow, at the same time as the need of information is greater than ever before. This report presents the basis for developing a locally anchored I&D-system within a research organisation. Since the basic concept in information processing is "data", the processes or "events" governing the data flow within a research institute are discussed...
Keywords: I&D-system; local communication; psycho-ecology; scientific information retrieval
|Konstruktion av ett regelsystem för en datorbaserad innehållsanalys av intervjutext: Preliminärmanual och några utprövningsresultat - Inger Bierschenk|
This report contains a description of a technique for a computer-based content analysis of interview text. Some steps in the development of a rule system for coding are reported. The evaluation of a preliminary system of rules is described and evaluation data are presented. Furthermore is integrated an extensive control of punching and punch cards for the purpose of attaining a perfect material. The presentation of the work, carried out so far, is preceded by a linguistic discussion.
Keywords: computer-based content analysis; coding rules; reliability tests; linguistic models
|Processanalys och beteendeträning i lärarutbildningen: Simulering av interpersonella relationer (SIR) - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The report presents a research program, the purpose of which is to study (1) the development of the individual's self-cognition and competence in handling interpersonal relations, (2) the individual's sensitivity in observing the course of an event and ability to develop flexible strategies of behaviour in interactions with others. A model for the simulation of interactive behaviour is outlined. The model is based on three behavioural principles and has guided the preliminary construction of a s...
Keywords: behaviour simulation; model development; interaction strategies; test results
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Analyser av lärarkandidaters självbedömning och pedagogiska experters bedömningar - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations between...
Keywords: CCTV-experiment; assessments; educational experts; self-confrontation; contrast analysis; Anova; multivariate analysis; precision analysis; effect size index
|Handledning för rapportering av beteendevetenskaplig forskning - Bernhard Bierschenk|
To enable the examination and evaluation of the quality of scientific publications and research funding, researchers should rely heavily on the principles of behavioural research for conducting and reporting empirical studies. In this report both general rules and suggested conventions have been compiled, i.e. (1) general principles for designing and evaluating behavioural research, (2) suggestions for principles to guide the researcher in preparing scientific reports for publication, and (3) co...
Keywords: research; behavioural; reporting; guide; preparation; design; control; criteria; writing; convention
|En impressionistisk innehållsanalys av intervjuer med forskare på pedagogiska institutioner i Sverige - Marie-Louise Annerblom|
This report, based on an interview study, presents the views of forty researchers at departments of education on the scientific process. The technique used in this investigation is impressionistic, and the analysis includes: motivation, information search, relationships, influences on project plan, interest spheres, personal situation, program budgeting and practical problems, frame of reference, suggested projects and methodology.
Keywords: content analysis; education researchers; search strategies; steering strategies; random sample; social science research
|Simulering av interpersonella relationer i lärarutbildningen: Utveckling av ett schema för klassifikation av handlingsförslag vid lösande av lärar-elev-problem - Gunlög Frost|
This report presents the development of a classification schedule to be used in the behaviour simulator SIR (simulation of interpersonal relations). The schedule is based on measures proposed by student teachers for the solution of teacher-pupil problems in the simulator. Essential components have been extracted from the alternatives as a basis for categorisation. The next step is division into time phases, i.e...
Keywords: self-confrontation; action proposal; interactive behaviour; simulation
|Tre uppsatser om beteendevetenskaplig forskning, kulturtraditioner och personlighetsteorier - Hans Arte|
1. A model of analysis is introduced and behavioural science is delimitated using scales of definitions. Various steering factors in science are discussed. Special attention is directed to the steering power of the scientific language 2. The development of school-system and special education are analysed in relation to two traditions of culture: the scientific-mercantile and the humanistic-romantic traditions...
Keywords: behaviour models; research process; steering; scientific language; cultural traditions; personality theory; structure analysis; simulation; CCTV/VR
|En datorbaserad innehållsanalys av intervjutext: Numerisk beskrivning och multivariat analys - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report gives a description of the steps in an analysis of the dimensionality in interview texts. By means of cluster analysis techniques the interview materials have been condensed. Based on the results derived from several clusters a discrimination analysis has been carried out. In the final discussion the results are related to (1) the psycholinguistic model and (2) the model of the research process, which have guided this research.
Keywords: cluster; probability; group; assignment; discrimination; dendrogram
|Några språkdata ur en pedagogisk-psykologisk verkbas - Inger Bierschenk|
This technical report from the I&D project summarizes studies made on a 40 years production by a sample of educational researchers in Sweden. The problem dealt with concerns quantitative distributions of the languages in which the works are written and the results of a program for automatic language separation. The separating capacity of various languages is compared with respect to bibliographic data of a scientific work...
Keywords: computational linguistics; computerbased lexicology; scientific information; language separation; multilingual database
|Ett system för interaktiv beteendesimulering - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report presents a system for the simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The core of this system is an action-oriented behaviour simulation. The reliability of the information mediating variables, which have been built into the system, has been calculated. These are the association, structure and process paradigms...
Keywords: behaviour simulation; system analysis; event; action; mediating variables
|Perception, strukturering och precisering av pedagogiska och psykologiska forskningsproblem på pedagogiska institutioner i Sverige - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report presents and motivates the theoretical frame of reference and choice of research strategies and methods in a project on research planning. It contains (1) a theoretical model and (2) empirical data concerning the initial phase of the research process. A model, based on principles of general systems theory and a psychology of information, is described and the design of an interview study and its realization is reported...
Keywords: research problems; structuring; perception evaluation; policy; descriptive statistics; general systems theory
|Analys av en interaktiv informationsorganisation - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This report contains the evaluation of an I&D system developed at the Department of Educational and Psychological Research in Malmö. The analysis concerns (1) researcherâs specification of research problems for a selective dissemination of information, (2) the efficiencies of an adaptive and self-regulating system, and (3) information behaviour, need and resources within a locally organised I&D-system...
Keywords: information; need; use; behaviour; observation; communication; concept; analysis
|Att strukturera olika datanivåer med hjälp av faktoranalystekniker - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report gives an account of some problems, connected with factor analytic data processing. The presentation is of a non-technical kind and concentrated on the description of data processing on several levels. Furthermore, the features of the models of analysis are described, however without an attempt to provide a more systematic and complete presentation. For a more thorough study, the complexity of the subject would require a type of disposition provided in Child, D...
Keywords: theoretical constructions; data levels; multiple classifications; samples; error analysis; error discussion; extraction of factors; factor rotation
|Teoretiska och psykometriska problem vid en datorbaserad analys av intervjutext - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described...
Keywords: scaling; Osgood; semantic differentials; regression; panel; similarity analysis
|Datorbaserad litteratursökning - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Scientific communication presumes a well functioning information and documentation system. Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to inquiries. This report includes (1) a short survey of international and national documentation activities, (2) a description of rules and criteria to be used and the way these can be applied in an information retrieval system, and (3) some empirical results, identifying the needs for information and the uses t...
Keywords: information needs; information uses; computer-based literature search; retrieval systems
|Ett datorprogram för syntaktisk kodning av titlar till vetenskapliga skrifter - Bernhard Bierschenk, Inger Bierschenk, & Agneta Sternerup-Hansson,|
A user-oriented coding of knowledge, which is disseminated through titles to scientific work requires information systems,which build on cognitive models. A computer program with comments to conceptual coding of titles is presented in this report. The cognitive model, which has governed the program development, is described briefly. The functioning of the program is illustrated with some computer outputs from a data base, which is representative of Swedish educational research.
Keywords: computer linguistics; program development; pattern generation; register; information; intermediate; cognition; documentation
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Bakgrund, experiment, experimentupplevelse - Bernhard Bierschenk|
An attempt to modify perception and evaluation of student teachers with the aid of self-confrontation mediated with video recordings on one hand and conventional tutoring on the other is the subject of this report. Background to the experiment, a detailed description of the layout and a presentation of the measuring instruments are given together with evaluation of the internal and external validity of the taken approach...
Keywords: self-confrontation; teacher training; tutoring; cctv; micro-lessons; video-recording; experimental design; measuring instruments; evaluation; internal validity; external validity
|Några personlighetsvariablers betydelse vid lärarkandidaters perception och värdering av egen undervisning - Kerstin Skog-Östlin|
The purpose of this report has been to describe in detail eighteen tests of a battery of personality tests, administered in a self-confrontation experiment. The results indicate that in general personality variables, especially those mirroring an interest in one’s self, play a major roll in perception and evaluation of one’s own teaching.
Keywords: self-confrontation; experiment; personality tests; multivariate analysis; self-interest
|Uppbyggnad av lexikonbas för en datorbaserad innehållsanalys av intervjutext - Inger Bierschenk|
This report is part of a project on content analysis and deals with dictionary construction as basis for statistical analyses of interviews. The generation of lexical data bases consisting of nouns, adjectives and verbs is described and results from experimentation on authentic materials are accounted for. Dictionaries of scaled base forms of adjectives and verbs are compared with truncated items. The purpose is to obtain a perfect match, so that the results can be assigned a scale value for the...
Keywords: content analysis; dictionary; data processing; information retrieval
|Reliabilitetsprövning av en metod för innehållsanalys av intervjutext - Marjanna Berg|
In a research project on search and steering strategies in educational and psychological research planning, interviews with researchers working in departments of educational and psychological research are being analysed. The present report deals with the first step in developing a computer-based content analysis control of inter-coder agreement in syntactic-concept based coding of interview materials...
Keywords: content analysis; reliability testing; coder agreement; interview data
|Ett år med en forskargrupp: Notiser om aktiviteter inom projekten SÖK och SIR läsåret 1975-76 - Inger Bierschenk|
The research projects SÖK and SIR had regular meetings during the academic year 1975-76. The author has summarised the discussions at the meetings with the aid of notes taken. The activities of the projects have been documented, both discussions of research as well as of practical nature. In this report are summarised the main subjects of discussion, the way in which the activities were distributed over the year, and how the activities of the group members have been reflected in the protocols...
Keywords: teamwork; research process; policy; protocol data; micro-ecology
|En longitudinell analys av kunskapsutvecklingen inom utbildningsforskningen - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report is an initial description and analysis of developmental trends in educational research in Sweden since 1937. The analysis is based on an attempt to give a quantitative description of accessible knowledge. The starting point is a strictly random generated sample of researchers in this field. The analysis indicates that the flow of knowledge mainly depends on a very small but highly active group of researchers.
Keywords: knowledge; development; quantitative; longitudinal; empirical; I&D; psychology; bibliometrics; social science; researcher
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Lärarkandidater bedömer egna videobandade lektioner - en uppföljningsstudie - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, partly as a result of repeated self-confrontation experiences during a confrontation experiment, partly as a result of reassessments six weeks respectively two years after they had participated in the self-confrontation experiment. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlation analyses...
Keywords: re-assessment; self-confrontation; microteaching; CCTV-experiment; videorecording; educational experts
|Att mäta subjekt-objekt relationer i externt förmedlade självkonfrontationsprocesser via intern television: Presentation av ett kategorisystem - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report contains (1) a discussion of general methodological problems in content analyses, (2) a description of the applied content analysis technique, (3) an estimation of the agreement of judges in determining and extracting the basic units of the analysis and (4) an estimation of the coder agreement in coding these units. The coding rules and the preliminary version of the category system are given in appendices.
Keywords: verbal data; coder agreement; classification; instructions; coding system
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Analyser av pedagogiska experters bedömningar - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The classroom behaviour of student teachers has been recorded on videotape. Educational experts have assessed these videotaped materials. This report contains a description and the conclusions reached. The assessment is analysed and discussed at the item level and at the level of the six subject-object categories constituting the Assessment and Evaluation Schedule. The observations have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in three steps: (1) analysis of the structure of th...
Keywords: CCTV; experiment; educational expert; assessment; Anova; precision; effect size
|Tre utgångspunkter för beteendevetenskaplig teoribildning: En beskrivning av associations-, struktur- och processparadigmen - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Three approaches towards theory building in the behavioural science are described. It is pointed out that model construction requires general theoretical concepts, which are well defined. The presentation aims to clarify what is meant by the (1) association, (2) structure, and (3) process model. The models have been the starting point for the development of a simulator of interactive behaviour (SIR).
Keywords: behavioural science models; principles; clarification; concepts
|En modell för ett interaktivt informations- och dokumentationssystem - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report is based on studies of literature and the writerâs own experiences of the use of computer-based information and documentation systems. The report presents principles for the development of an interactive, self-regulating and self-controlling information and documentation system. Based on a system theoretical point of view a model for a realisation of an information and documentation system is outlined...
Keywords: I&D-system; network; education; I&D-functions; self-regulation; self-control